Author page: Ali Ansari

How the Freemasons influenced Iran’s modern history

How the Freemasons influenced Iran’s modern history

The political movement that led to Iran’s first constitution in 1906 – which established the country’s first parliament – was underpinned by an intellectual revolution which absorbed and adapted ideas from the European Enlightenment. How these ideas came to influence Iran, given the absence of a print industry in the country, is a question that has long intrigued intellectual historians. One route was…

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